Solomon Islands is composed of almost 1000 islands and has the second longest coastline and the second largest Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) in the Pacific. These physical characteristics and the unique society and culture of the population are the basis of the fundamental relationship that Solomon Islanders have with the ocean. The Marine Atlas for the Solomon Islands compiles over a hundred datasets from countless data providers and for the first time makes marine and coastal information accessible and usable as data layers and as raw data.
The MACBIO project classify the entire marine environment within the MACBIO participating countries to inform, in particular, their national marine spatial and marine protected area planning efforts. The draft outputs are marine bioregions that include reef-associated and deepwater biodiversity assemblages with complete spatial coverage at a scale useful for national planning. Results for the Solomon Islands have been presented to the marine experts and government of the Solomon Islands for review.
Physical geography, biological, bathymetry, geomorphology, oceanography, uses, risks spatial data for Solomon Islands marine environment.
A map created by MACBIO as resource for the bioregions workshop in Feb 2018, showing Ecologically or Biologically Significant Marine Areas (EBSAs), Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) and Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs).
Marine Bioregions of the Southwest Pacific - Marine and Coastal Biodiversity Management in Pacific Island Countries (MACBIO)
Bioregions, of course, are just one of the important data layers in indentifying an ecologically representative system of marine protected areas. To be truly ecologically representative and comprehensive, one must also consider all available information about habitats, species and ecological processes. In addition, socio-economic and cultural considerations are vital in the spatial planning process. This report is focussed upon one important, but only one, input to marine spatial planning: the development of marine bioregions.
This toolkit outlines the basic process of developing a national marine spatial plan. It has been tailored specifically for use by Pacific Island countries based upon lessons learned in Fiji, Solomon Islands, Tonga and Vanuatu.