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 United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

In 2007, the UNFCCC Secretariat prepared a report on
"Investment and Financial Flows to Address Climate
Change".11 The report covers mitigation and adaptation in
various sectors over the period to 2030. The report defines
an investment as the initial (capital) cost of a new physical
asset with a life of more than one year, such as the capital
cost of a gas-fired generating unit or a water supply
system. A financial flow is an ongoing expenditure related
to climate change mitigation or adaptation that docs not


This report has investigated the current power system on Mauke and the local renewable energy (RE) options available to supplement in the short to medium term and replace in the
long term the current diesel generation. In the short term refurbishment of the present diesel based system is required to ensure provision of reliable supply and minimise environmental degradation through fuel handling practises. Staff training and service equipment should be provided. Initiation of a wind


Scenarios- • Finding out what people want
• Scenarios can either be ideal
visions or expectations of
reality – both are useful
• They can be recorded
discussions, maps, models or
• A stand?alone component or
EBA added into existing
scenario building
Available online
Call Number: [EL]
Physical Description: 39 p.

 Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP)

Whale-watching has recently developed into an important industry within the South Pacific islands region (Economists @ Large & Associates. 2008a). In particular, the presence of humpback whales at high latitudes during the winter months has become of great interest over the last 10 years (Schaffar and Garrigue. 2007). In the Kingdom of Tonga, whale-watching activities began in 1994 and focus on a small population of humpback whales utilising the waters around Vava'u as their


It is becoming clear that there is a fair amount of small plastic distributed in the oceans and on beaches worldwide, not surprising given its durability and floatability. Marine debris is often ingested by animals such as sea turtles, marine mammals, and seabirds. Items such as lighters and small plastic pieces may look like food to an animal, or have an animal's natural food attached to it. Debris may also be ingested accidentally with actual food items. Exactly how many of them die each year due to marine debris ingestion is not
Available online

 Applied Geoscience and Technology Division (SOPAC) of SPC

Nauru is a small country comprising a single island with an area of only 22 km2. The island is having severe difficulties in achieving a safe and adequate supply of potable water and suffers from pollution of local groundwater due to inadequate sanitation services. The problems have arisen from the collapse of the utility services when phosphate mining ceased, followed by a national financial crisis.
Available online
Call Number: [EL]
Physical Description: 6 Pages

 Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP)

This disposal project is the second stage (Phase II) of an AusAID-fiuided project developed in conjunction with South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) to manage persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in Pacific Island Countries (PICs). The Phase I project, which was implemented between April 1997 and April 2000. involved an inventory of hazardous chemicals, and a discussion of management options for obsolete chemicals and containers, in the PICs. Although many obsolete agricultural and other chemicals can be disposed of safely locally, others cannot.

 Ministry of Environment Lands and Agricultural Development

This environmental impact assessment reports on the proposed seawall construction and land development project of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, which is to be located at Tabonikabauea in Bairiki, and will be implemented by Kramer Group (Vanuatu) Limited, and local contractors.
1 copy|Also available online
Call Number: VF 7784 [EL]
Physical Description: 35p. : 29cm.

 The Nature Conservancy

This socio-economic study was conducted in six villages in Kimbe Bay and was part of a larger project being undertaken by The Nature Conservancy (TNC) to understand the physical and biological aspects of marine ecosystems of Kimbe Bay and the socioeconomic issues influencing local marine resource use and conservation. The Kimbe Bay project aims to protect and conserve the biodiversity and marine resources of the marine environment from the pressures of population increase and economic development within the Bay.
Available online
Call Number: [EL]

 International Organizations for Migration

As early as 1990 the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) noted that the greatest single impact of climate change might be on human migration—with millions of people displaced by shoreline erosion, coastal flooding and agricultural disruption.3 Since then, successive reports have argued that environmental degradation, and in particular climate change, is poised to become a major driver of population displacement—a crisis in the making.
Available online
Call Number: [EL]
Physical Description: 64 p.

 SPREP Pacific Environment Information Network (PEIN)

In most tropical countries, coral reef ecosystems provide coastal populations with a number of goods and services. However, a variety of anthropogenic practices threatens reef health and therefore jeopardizes the benefits flowing from these goods and services. These threats range from local pollution, sedimentation, destructive fishing practices and coral mining, to global issues such as coral bleaching.

 International Union for Nature Conservation (IUCN)

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is one of the global conventions on environmental conservation that came out of the 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. By signing and ratifying the CBD, countries have agreed to support its goals and aims. The three main objectives of the CBD are the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair

 The Smithsonian Institution

Satawal is a small flat coral island in the west central Caroline Islands about 1050 km east-south-east of Yap Island, at latitude 7'21' N, longitude 147'02' E. Although its surface is locally somewhat irregular, its greatest height is not more than about 4 meters above mean low water. Its long axis is about east-west and its area is 1.3 square km. It is surrounded by a fringing reef upward of 100 meters wide. It has no lagoon, so would be classified according to Tayama's scheme as a table reef. From the viewpoint of land ecology it is an atoll.

 Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries (MAF)

Fishing in Samoa is very important because one of the ways to achieve food security, particularly in
villages and rural areas. In many communities do not value taking care of the economy
and the marine environment. Making and using such fisheries jurisdiction for-or-not there
mask, nets and hurry microfilm, and substances that would easily and more fish but
are detrimental to the marine environment and ecosystems. The implementation of projects on
marine damage in many places and millions of species of marine wildlife.

 Ministry of Transport

Non-friable, corrugated, compressed asbestos-cement sheeting, derived from the NZ Aid refurbishment and renovations programme of schools and other Government buildings on Rarotonga
Available online
Call Number: [EL]
Physical Description: 2 Pages

 Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP)

The Government of Samoa under its Environmental Policy Framework established rules and procedures to be followed under IAMP Phase 2 with regard to environmental assessment, monitoring and mitigation of potential negative impacts. For projects with no, or low but acceptable environmental impacts, the Chief Executive Officer (CEO), Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MNRE) may issue a waiver to the proponent from the further requirements of the draft EIA Regulations. In issuing a waiver, the CEO MNRE will rely on the advice of the Assistant CEO, PUMA.

 Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP)

One of the greatest challanges we face in protecting our islands biodiversity is how to balance the needs of the people that use it, and the future of the environment. There are many reasons why the Pacific islands way of life is endangered, it is
necessary to address these threats, all of them. Understand ing their causes will help to stop them, if it is possible or to change or adapt our way of life. It is necessary to focus on long term sustainability strategies, but in the mean time develop and carry out short term projects to address the immediate needs of our islands.

 The Pacific Science Board

Although ornithological observations have not been the main object of any pliase of our work on the Northern Marshall Islands, numerous notes on birds have accumulated which are here placed on record, The birds were identified by use of Ernst Mayr's "Birds of the Southwest Pacific!' and the names used here are mostly those accepted by Mayr in that work. UnIortunately it was impractical to document these records with specin?ens. The sight observations presented should therefore be acceprcd with some reservations.
Available online
Call Number: [EL]

 Smithsonian Institution

Nukutipipi atoll (5 km2), of volcanic origin 16-17 million years old on the Pitcairn (hot spot) Hereheretue line, presents a land flora and fauna of low diversity but with a Pisonia forest and hundreds of resident red-tailed tropic birds. Nukutipipi suffered from the 1983 hurricanes : destruction of vegetation and motu as well as sand lagoon mollusc populations. The north and south rims present original geomorphological structures.

 The Smithsonian Institution

During participation in part of the Fairbridge Expedition
to New Guinea, February to May, 1969, I had opportunity to visit 17 islands and cays east of the New Guinea mainland for sufficient time to assemble reasonably complete collections oi their terrestrial reptilian fauna. The purpose of this paper is to present the results of that survey. Fairbridge (1971 ) has previously published a brief report on the expedition and. a more detailed one is in preparation.
Available online
Call Number: [EL]
Physical Description: 41 p.