This report brings together data, literature and the outputs of a special workshop synthesizing information about the identified special, unique marine areas in Solomon Islands.
As one step in Marine Spatial Planning the MACBIO project developed bioregions, or the classification of the marine environment into spatial units that host similar biota across the South West Pacific. Based on a scientific, technical process draft bioregions were developed and discussed and confirmed during a workshop in February 2018 resulting in the report on Bioregions at national scale for the Solomon Islands.
Information on Ocean zones to be used within Solomon Islands Ocean Governance
Reports and documents on the status and trends of coral reefs in the Pacific and Solomon Islands.
Dataset that provides a direct link to Solomon Island's data hosted on the GBIF website / records.
Dataset with presentations from the SOE writeshop
This data contains information related to environmental programs and activities undertaken by the Guadalcanal Plains Palm Oil Ltd relevant for the SOE/NEMS.
The Government waste collection was used by 36% of households to dispose of their rubbish. Burning was used by 23% of all households as their main means for waste disposal, followed by disposing it into the backyard (18%). Ten percent and 8% dumped their waste into a river/stream or the sea, and another 8% buried their waste.
A 2016 review of land use and land use change provided summaries of major land uses as a percentage of the total Solomon Islands land area; as reflected in the data attached.
The Forest and land use composition of the Solomon Islands study in 2016, shows 7.77% of the total land area was ‘cropland’. Cropland itself comprises 2176 square kilometres. In 2016 the dominant crop type was mixed subsistence agriculture followed by coconut, mixed crops (including coconut overstory) and palm oil Cocoa and ‘other’ agriculture make up the remaining area under cultivation.
In 2009, from those households that were involved in growing crops, most grew vegetables and food crops (71%), followed by betel nut (44%), coconut/copra (32%), cocoa (26%), flowers (14%), timber (10%), tobacco (9%), and other crops (7%)
Dataset pertaining to a record of annual tree cover loss in the Solomon Islands from 2001 - 2017. The independent Global Forest Watch reported a total loss of tree cover (>30% crown cover) in the Solomon Islands of 144,000 ha between 2001-2017. The country lost 144kha of tree cover, equivalent to a 5.2% decrease since 2000, and 16.7Mt of CO₂ emissions.
Dataset contains a combined monthly sea level records as observed from the year 1994 - 2018. It is well acknowledged that sea level rise is already affecting Solomon Island communities. The Solomon Islands Second National Communication cites satellite altimetry readings indicating that the country is experiencing sea-level rise at a rate of 8-10 mm per year. The monthly sea level data contains a relative sea level trend of –5.7 mm/year.
Dataset related to the population trend from 1931-2009. It can be seen that the population of the Solomon Islands has continuously increased and it is now more than five times the size it was in 1931.
Statistical records relating to the monetary measures of Solomon Islands total economic activities from the year 2007 - 2014 . The table shows that approximately 43% of GDP was derived a) agriculture forestry and fisheries and b) industry (including mining, water etc). Although the contribution of these sectors has decreased slightly since 2007 (43%), this shows the continuing importance of natural resources / ecosystem services in economic development. There is also potential future development in these sectors, for example in the field of offshore mining.